So, Im asking the community: Should we use the SVI? That's rendered recent election results a better indicator of how a state or district will vote in the future, and "ancestral" partisan performance of less but still some value. L. Rev. Ballotpedia does not curate or endorse these articles. For example, the 2017 PVI incorporated vote data from the 2016 and 2012 presidential elections. I realize the point is to compare the district to the national average, but Im not sure how useful that information is when predicting whos going to win in a district. 61, Anita S. Krishnakumar, Cracking the Whole Code Rule (February 19, 2020). "The House is less 'elastic' than ever not just because the share of swing seats has cratered, but because voters are splitting their tickets less frequently. by Daniel P. Tokaji, Free & Fair with Franita and Foley (Foundation Press, 2022) by Samuel Issacharoff, Pamela S. Karlan, Richard H. Pildes, Nathaniel Persily, and Franita Tolson, Election Law in a Nutshell (2d ed., West Academic Publishing, 2017) And in the South particularly, the partisan trend may be Democratic at the state and local level and Repub at the national level. , The PVIs for congressional districts are calculated based on the 2016 and 2020 presidential elections. these trends are going to continue and old numbers will miss the story. Does Cook have an explanation for why he uses this methodology? The Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index, United States House of Representatives elections, 2022, United States House of Representatives elections, 2020, Pennsylvania's 3rd Congressional District, United States House of Representatives elections, 2016, District of Columbia's At-Large Congressional District, United States House of Representatives elections, 2012, United States presidential election, 2016, https://ballotpedia.org/wiki/index.php?title=The_Cook_Political_Report%27s_Partisan_Voter_Index&oldid=8904365, Pages using DynamicPageList dplreplace parser function, Conflicts in school board elections, 2021-2022, Special Congressional elections (2023-2024), 2022 Congressional Competitiveness Report, State Executive Competitiveness Report, 2022, State Legislative Competitiveness Report, 2022, Partisanship in 2022 United States local elections. Read more about this topic: Cook Partisan Voting Index, List of PVIs, Mine was, as it were, the connecting link between wild and cultivated fields; as some states are civilized, and others half-civilized, and others savage or barbarous, so my field was, though not in a bad sense, a half-cultivated field. Professor of Law at USC Gould School of LawView posts , Cheap Speech: How Disinformation Poisons Our Politics--and How to Cure It (Yale University Press, 2022) The only Republican-leaning districts in New England are in rural regions of Maine and New Hampshire, and even those are only scored R+2. The index, developed by Charles Cook of the The Cook Political Report, compares each congressional district's score to that of the nation as a whole. But on the other hand, Im getting kind of tired of PVI, as its just one dimension out of many in describing a district, and one we shouldnt fetishize more than we should. Modeled after the Cook Partisan Voting Index, the Hybrid Partisan Voting Index (hPVI) was developed for Wilkerson Public Affairs by Braedon Wilkerson in 2014. Beginning with this decade, we're making a slight formula change to how we calculate PVI scores: instead of using a 50/50 mix of the two most recent presidential elections to assess partisanship as we've done in the past, we're switching to a 75/25 weighting in favor of the more recent presidential election. In 2022, it was updated to weigh the most recent presidential election more heavily than the prior election. , The Cook Political Report published its first Partisan Voter Index (PVI) in August 1997. SVI will average to 0, and PVI will not. Our full 2022 Cook PVI report is available for subscribers. Campaign and Election News Covering Key Races Around the Country. I really don't understand that stereotype that the rich ALL universally vote for the Republicans. Then everyone will see which system proves the more accurate. Cook,Partisan,Voting,IndexThe,Cook,Partisan,Voting,Index,,also,called,PVI,,is,a,measurement,of,how,strongly,a,United,States,congressional,district,or,state,l. i think the biggest arguments against the old (00 and 04) PVIs is the demographic changes in these districts. of Constitutional Law, Im willing to convert to using the SVI exclusively. 1984 and 1988 were the last times the electorate was so tilted and that, of course, was for the GOP. For the 2022 dataset, that means that the 2020 result in each state district is weighted three times as heavily as the 2016 result. July 13, 2022 | The Cook Political Report Now that all 50 states have finalized new lines for the 2022 elections, the Cook Political Report is pleased to introduce the 25th Anniversary edition of the Cook Partisan Voting Index (Cook PVI) for all 50 states and 435 congressional districts, reflecting new post-redistricting boundaries. map by state after the 2020 election The Cook Partisan Voting Index ( abbreviated CPVI or PVI) is a measurement of how powerfully a United States congressional district or department of state leans toward the democratic or Republican Party, compared to the state as a whole, based on how that district or state voted in the former two presidential elections. First introduced in 1997, the Cook PVI measures how each state and district performs at the presidential level compared to the nation as a whole. 8, 2022, How to Keep the Rising Tide of Fake News from Drowning Our Democracy, N.Y. Times, Mar. This isnt as big of a deal with the two Bush elections because they were both so close, but comparing Kerrys 2004 district numbers with Obamas nationwide numbers produces some pretty serious gaps. Now that all 50 states have finalized new lines for the 2022 elections, the Cook Political Report is pleased to introduce the 25th Anniversary edition of the Cook Partisan Voting Index (Cook PVI) for all 50 states and 435 congressional districts, reflecting new post-redistricting boundaries. I think we should use a dual system of level (SVI) and parallel (Cook PVI). Get more out of that than a PVI. * Includes an independent senator who caucuses with the Democrats. KS-Sen: Sebelius up double digits over either Moran or Tiahrt, The Swing State Project Is Now Daily Kos Elections. Bruce E. Cain, Wendy K. Tam Cho, Yan Y. Liu&Emily R. Zhang,A Reasonable Bias Approach to Gerrymandering: Using Automated Plan Generation to Evaluate Redistricting Proposals, 59 Wm. The Cook Partisan Voting Index, abbreviated Cook PVI, CPVI, or PVI, is a measurement of how strongly a Cook Partisan Voting Index, abbreviated Cook PVI, CPVI, or PVI, is a measurement of how strongly a The national average for 2004 and 2008 was 51.2% Democratic to 48.8% Republican . The party representations are based on the winners of the 2012 general election. The Cook Political Report's Partisan Voter Index - Google News. And dont forget that people undervotenot all presidential, gubernatorial, senate, or other statewide office votes will include votes for Representative, State Senator/Representative, etc.. In the meantime, some have suggested computing an SVI a Swing State Project Voting Index, comparing 2004 to 2004 and 2008 to 2008. Think of all the different districts that clock in at (old PVI of) R+3. A Partisan Voting Index score of D+2, for example, means that in the 2008 and 2012 presidential elections, that district performed an average of two points more Democratic than the nation did as a whole, while an R+4 means the district performed four points more Republican than the national average. The PVIs for states are calculated based on the 2004 and 2008 presidential election. i think whatever the methodology, it should include 08 numbers and drop out 00 numbers, otherwise its increasingly out of date. , PVIs are calculated by comparing the lead candidate's average share of the two-party presidential vote in the past two presidential elections to the party's national average two-party share for those elections. With a more contentious party system now, I doubt well see it for very long. I know this community is fully capable of completing such a thorough analysis.   Look at 538- Nate didnt get so much play by tagging along with the half-assed analyses already in use. The presidential, gubernatorial, and senate results, however, are perhaps the easiest to sort out of all these data sets. There are actually two PVI's calculated: one for each state, and a separate for each Congressional district. Hell, imagine how little the system would have worked after huge landslides like Reagans in 1984 and Nixons in 1972. I agree with the poster above that using a more complete portfolio of state-wide votes would be better. An X +00 indicates an evenly balanced district. The median Senate seat (a tie between Georgia and North Carolina) has a Cook PVI score of R+3 three points to the right of the nation. Refers to the Partisan Voting Index (PVI) as used by Charlie Cook, Washington's foremost political handicapper. The floors all tilt in a mostly uniform fashion. Stanford Law SchoolView posts , Sudler Family Professor But my training as an engineer says that we need to look at 2008 PVI side-by-side with 2008 SVI, understand which districts have more than a 5-point (arbitrary number) difference, and make a gut call on which data fits reality better. If Obamas national win was just over 7%, every district with an SVI of up to R+7 is actually a Democratic district. WASHINGTON The 2010 census report coming out Tuesday will include a boatload of good political news for Republicans and grim data for Democrats hoping to re-elect President Barack Obama and rebound from last month's devastating elections. I agree with the majority sentiment that it seems to make more sense to compare 2000 district performance with 2000 nationwide performance, not 2004 nationwide performance. The PVI is designed to provide a quick overall assessment of generic partisan strength. And after redistricting, the median House seat (Michigan's 8th CD) retains a modest skew of R+1, virtually unchanged from the old map. if(document.getElementsByClassName("reference").length==0) if(document.getElementById('Footnotes')!==null) document.getElementById('Footnotes').parentNode.style.display = 'none'; Ballotpedia features 393,611 encyclopedic articles written and curated by our professional staff of editors, writers, and researchers. Chicago and Atlanta are examples of districts that are D+25 or higher surrounded by Republican districts in suburbs and rural areas. (Cook PVI) is a service mark of Invincible Summer Media, Inc. Our subscribers have first access to individual race pages for each House, Senate and Governors race, which will include race ratings (each race is rated on a seven-point scale) and a narrative analysis pertaining to that race. What the Critics Get Incredibly Wrong About the Collins-Manchin Election Bill, Its Hard to Overstate the Danger of the Voting Case the Supreme Court Just Agreed to Hear, No One is Above the Law, and that Starts with Donald Trump, The Jan. 6 Committee Should Be Looking Ahead to Election Threats in 2024. Presidential votes will be way off sometimes because of home-state advantage or other special circumstances. . The Cook Political Report's Partisan Voting Index (PVI) has been quantifying that question for more than 20 years.  With a PVI of R+1, Michigan's 8th congressional district was determined to be the median congressional district, meaning that exactly 217 districts are more Democratic and 217 are more Republican than this district. In 2018 Kendra Horn became the first Democrat to win an election in the states 5th district, which scores R+10, in 40 years. Hardly a day hardly a post goes by here at the Swing State Project without a reference to the Cook Political Reports Partisan Vote Index, or PVI for short. For the 2022 dataset, that means that the 2020 result in each state or district is weighted three times as heavily as the 2016 result. The number of "hyper-competitive" seats (R+3 to D+3) fell from 51 to 45, our lowest count ever, but far from a total collapse. Constitutional Commentary, Forthcoming, Harvard Public Law Working Paper No. Of course, my preference is an Excel sheet listing vote totals by office (prez, gov and CD) side-by-side over the last several cycles broken down by county. . But it could be even better. i guess i can see the appeal for cook and maybe others in that the 00 and 04 national elections were close to 50-50, therefore you almost removed a complex variable and you can just say if they voted 60% for GOP in 00 and 04 then they are GOP +20. The Cook Partisan Voting Index is a measurement of how strongly a United States congressional district or state leans toward the Democratic or Republican P. 7, 2022, North Carolina Republicans Ask SCOTUS To Decimate Voting Rights in Every State, Slate, Feb. 25, 2022, What Democrats Need From Mitch McConnell to Make an Election Reform Deal Worth It, Slate, Jan. 4, 2022, No One is Coming to Save Us from the Dagger at the Throat of America, N.Y. Times, Jan. 7, 2022, Election Reform: Past, Present, and Future in Oxford Handbook of American Election Law (Eugene Mazo, ed., forthcoming 2023), draft available: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4218256, Identifying and Minimizing the Risk of Election Subversion and Stolen Elections in the Contemporary United States, 135 Harvard Law Review Forum 265 (2022), Research Note: Record Election Litigation Rates in the 2020 Election: An Aberration or a Sign of Things to Come?, Election Law Journal, https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/epdf/10.1089/elj.2021.0050 (2022), Optimism and Despair About a 2020 Election Meltdown and Beyond, 100 Boston University Law Review Online 298 (2020) (part of symposium on my book, Election Meltdown), Three Pathologies of American Voting Rights Illuminated by the COVID-19 Pandemic, and How to Treat and Cure Them,Election Law Journal (2020), The Democracy Index: Why Our Election System Is Failing and How to Fix Itby Heather K. Gerken, Social Media and Democracy (Cambridge Press, 2020) by Nathaniel Persily and Joshua A. Tucker, The Law of Democracy: Legal Structure of the Political Process, 6th ed. We saw some of this during the last election when people were salivating about R+1 or R+2 districts. Davis L. Rev. Why do states in the North perform better than states elsewhere in terms of education? But for places that have seen rapid shifts towards one party or the other in the last six years such as in South Florida or suburbs of Dallas the new formula "leans in" to the transformation underway. Refers to the Partisan Voting Index (PVI) as used by Charlie Cook, Washingtons foremost political handicapper. Available here, with maps for each congressional district and state. In the Senate, the most Republican-leaning state to have a Democratic senator is West Virginia (R+22 PVI), represented by Joe Manchin. 48 Florida State University Law Review 61 (2021), Spencer Overton, Power to Regulate Social Media Companies to Prevent Voter Suppression. , Inconsistencies among vote data aggregation processes and redistricting cycles can present challenges in determining the PVI. As younger people continue to move to cities for jobs in technology and other sectors, this trend appears likely to continue. The boldface sentences confirm my understanding of how PVI works. Partisan Voting Index Districts of the 115th Congress The Cook Political Report Arranged by State/District. These are considered competitive races but one party has an advantage. The PVI value indicates a district with a partisan base above the national value for that partys 2004 presidential nominee. A D+0 seat is not a 50/50 district but is top heavy for Democrats (6-1 if my data is correct). However, if you are going to take the lead, it makes sense to try to do this carefully. The Cook Partisan Voting Index is a measurement of how strongly a United States congressional district or state leans toward the Democratic or Republican Party, compared to the nation as a whole, based on how that district or state voted in the previous two Presidential elections. The link below is to the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index. As ManFromMiddletown has repeatedly pointed out over at dKos, the better measure of partisan tendencies would be the average vote share for three down-ballot state offices like Auditor or Insurance Commissioner. downballot, but a favorable overall trend toward Dems. "Now that all 50 states have finalized new lines for the 2022 elections, the Cook Political Report is pleased to introduce the 25th Anniversary edition of the Cook Partisan Voting Index (Cook . Using only PVI ignores two cycles of Democratic uptick. Where the SVI number is more D than the PVI we see fertile ground. Perhaps lower-profile statewide offices may be useful. But it does take up too much space, huh? At D+16, Vermont is the most Democratic state, though Washington, D.C., is substantially more partisan with a PVI value of D+43.. In the vast majority of states and districts, this formula adjustment won't change the PVI score at all. The Cook Political Report is an online source for non-partisan political analysis that many rely on for accurate political forecasting. The number reflects the strength of that partisan preference in rounded percentage points. For example, we could ask everyone in the district who theyd vote for, generic Democrat or generic Republican, for a given position, and then ask them whether they were certain of their choice. A district with R+6 went for McCain by 6%. For instance, Im sure we can think of other districts that fit easily into each of the six categories I have above.  Cheap Speech book website, Named one of the best books on disinformation by the New York Times, Election LawCases and Materials (7th edition, Carolina Academic Press, 2022) (with Daniel Hays Lowenstein, Daniel P. Tokaji, and Nicholas O. Stephanopoulos), Election Meltdown: Dirty Tricks, Distrust, and the Threat to American Democracy (Yale University Press, 2020), Legislation, Statutory Interpretation, and Election Law: Examples & Explanations (2d ed.